Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) can be classified as diarrhea-predominant, constipation-predominant, or a mixed subtype of either. Studies show that those diagnosed with IBS usually have an altered gut microbiome, increased inflammation/ intestinal permeability, and systemic immune reactivity.
Causes of IBS:
1. Digestive Insufficiencies: Digestion imbalance and improper absorption may contribute to bowel symptoms.
2. Gut Dysbiosis: Disruption in your normal gut bacteria are often observed in patients with IBS.
3. History of Gastrointestinal Infection: Research shows that previous gastrointestinal infection is a risk factor to develop IBS. We also have benign gut bacteria that under environmental pressures- such as overuse of antibiotics, poor diet and toxin exposure -can promote unwanted overgrowth and disrupt your gut.
4. Adverse Food Reactions: Studies have shown a correlation between certain foods and the development of symptoms. These foods often contain FODMAPs, lactose, or gluten.
5. Anxiety and stress: Lifestyle and environmental factors can affect the emergence and severity of IBS. Research shows that negative emotions, such as anxiety, play a major role in GI functioning due to the bidirectional relationship between the gut and brain axis.
6. Genetics and Vitamin Deficiency: Vitamin D deficiency and genetics have also been tied to the development of IBS.
At Signature Internal Medicine we take a root cause approach by offering further analysis with gut microbiome testing and food sensitivity testing and then formulate a personalized protocol for gut healing. Understanding the various factors that affect your gut microbiome helps to optimize the treatment regimen!
Written by Dr. Dina Diehl